Tube China 2022

Demand Forecast and Analysis - Steel Pipe Industry Data Report

As an indispensable steel product, steel pipes can be described as the "blood vessels" of the industry.


According to analysis and forecast, during the "14th Five-Year Plan" period, the annual demand for steel pipes in China will reach about 71 million to 76 million tons, and a large portion of this will come from the high-end manufacturing field, mainly energy pipes, precision pipe fittings for machinery manufacturing, power generation and electricity pipes, and pipes in different application industries including light industries, ship and marine engineering, automobile manufacturing, construction steel structure etc.


Calculation of annual demand for steel pipes in China during the "14th Five-Year Plan" period

(Image credit: World Metals)


Automobile industry

The steel pipes used in the automotive industry mainly include steel pipes for transmission shafts, shock absorber cylinder pipes, steering rod pipes, cantilever frame pipes, seat pipes, side bumper pipes, stabilizer bars, frame pipes, and front axles, rear axles, mufflers, axle shafts, fuel pipes and exhaust pipes of fuel vehicles, etc. China’s auto industry consumes about 57 million tons of steel annually, including 48 million tons for vehicle manufacturing, 7 million tons for auto maintenance, and 2 million tons for auto parts export. In the steel consumption of the automobile industry, pipes account for about 6%. According to this calculation, the annual demand for steel pipes in the automobile industry during the "14th Five-Year Plan" period is about 3.4 million tons.


Machinery Industry

According to the statistics of steel consumption in the machinery industry, pipes account for 10% of the steel used in the machinery industry. According to this calculation, if the annual steel consumption of the machinery industry is about 150 million tons, the annual steel pipe consumption of the machinery industry is about 15 million tons. Among them, construction machinery consumes about 700,000 tons of steel pipes every year.


Shipping Industry

At present, China can produce almost all types of ships, and it holds the largest international market share in three major shipbuilding categories. According to the forecast of the China Shipbuilding Industry Association, the annual consumption of shipping pipes is about 3 million tons based on the annual shipbuilding completion volume of 40 million tons. The length of pipes used in a single 300,000-ton ultra-large crude carrier can reach tens of kilometers. The amount of steel pipes (including stainless steel pipes) is about 1,500 tons, while the number of pipes for a 300,000-ton ultra-large floating production storage ship (FPSO) exceeds 30,000 units, which is 2-3 times that of ships of the same tonnage.


Port Construction & Offshore Equipment

During the "13th Five-Year Plan" period, about 2,080 berths were built (expanded) in China's ports, and about 5.2 million tons of construction steel were used, of which steel pipes accounted for about 3 million tons. It is estimated that the annual demand for steel pipes for port construction (expansion and maintenance) during the "14th Five-Year Plan" period is about 500,000 tons.

The main parts of steel pipes for offshore engineering are jackets, drilling frames, underwater pipe piles, risers, mooring brackets, oil pump brackets, module brackets, helicopter platforms and flare towers, etc. It is estimated that the annual demand for steel pipes for marine engineering during the "14th Five-Year Plan" period is about 1 million tons.


Line pipe

By the end of 2020, China has built a total of 175,000 kilometers of pipelines, including 32,000 kilometers of crude oil pipelines, 33,000 kilometers of refined oil pipelines, and 110,000 kilometers of natural gas pipelines. China has basically formed a natural gas pipeline network of "gas transmission from the west to the east, gas from the north to the south, sea gas to land, and nearest supply".


According to the "Medium and Long-Term Oil and Gas Pipeline Network Planning" issued by the National Development and Reform Commission and the National Energy Administration, the mileage of long-distance oil and gas pipelines in China will reach 240,000 kilometers in 2025, with an average annual construction of 13,000 kilometers. All the main lines of refined oil and natural gas in the provinces, municipalities and autonomous regions of the country will be connected. Cities with a population of more than 1 million are basically connected to refined oil pipelines; cities with a population of more than 500,000 are basically connected to natural gas pipelines. It is estimated that the annual demand for line pipes during the "14th Five-Year Plan" period will be around 6 million tons.



Tube China 2022 - Focus on green and low-carbon, leading high-end intelligent manufacturing


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